Mariner 1 (P-37) and Mariner 2 (P-38) were two deep-space probes making up NASA's Mariner-R project. After passing Venus at 34,773 kilometres on December 14, 1962, Mariner 2 lost contact with earth on January 3rd, 1963, and remains in orbit about the sun. Mariner 2 recorded the planet's temperature for the first time, revealing the its very hot atmosphere of …
The spacecraft made a number of discoveries about the planet and marked another first by measuring the solar wind, a constant stream of charged particles flying outward from the sun. This object is a full scale engineering prototype and was constructed from flight spares by engineers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in 1977. On top of the base was a tall pyramid-shaped mast on which the science experiments were mounted which brought the total height of the spa… Mariner 1 and Mariner 2 would be the first set of "twins" in the Mariner series. However, NASA do not know (or do not provide) its position after loss of contact and so our animation ends at that date. The Mariner 2 spacecraft was designed and built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology.
It consisted of a hexagonal base, 1.04 meters across and 0.36 meters thick, which contained six magnesium chassis housing the electronics for the science experiments, communications, data encoding, computing, timing, and attitude control, and the power control, battery, and battery charger, as well as the attitude control gas bottles and the rocket engine.
Contact with Mariner 2 was lost on January 2, 1963, and it is now in orbit around the Sun.
The primary goal of the project was to develop and launch two spacecraft sequentially to the near vicinity of Venus, receive communications from the spacecraft and to perform radiometric temperature measurements of the planet. Mariner 2 became the first successful mission to another planet when it flew by Venus on December 14, 1962.
On top of the base … If one of the spacecraft failed, the mission could still be carried out by the second one. A secondary objective was to make interplanetary magnetic fieldand/or particle measurements on the way to, and in the vicinity of, Venus. Mariner 2 consisted of a hexagonal base, 1.04 meters across and 0.36 meters thick, which contained six magnesium chassis housing the electronics for the science experiments, communications, data encoding, computing, timing, and attitude control, and the power control, battery, and battery charger, as well as the attitude control gas bottles and the rocket engine.
Mariner 2 was the world's first successful interplanetary spacecraft. Launched Aug. 27, 1962, on an Atlas-Agena rocket, Mariner 2 passed within about 34,000 kilometers (21,000 miles) of Venus, sending back valuable new information about interplanetary space and the Venusian atmosphere. Mariner 1 (designated Mariner R-1) w… Mariner 2.
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