Take the SS 509 to S. Elia Fiumerapido Sora from the centre of Cassino and after 3 kms, immediately after crossing a river, turn left on the Via Orsala and follow the narrow lane to a sign that marks the beginning of the Cavendish Road. Far from senescent, his beady eyes focussed upon me and he asked about a unique, ninth-century coin I had discovered at S. Vincenzo and which he had caressed the previous summer in his long, claw-like fingers. The Battle of Monte Cassino was one of the toughest and bloodiest battles that determined the outcome of World War II. Today American trucks from the battle occupy the spot where its cloister once was. Thousands perished and the ancient monastery of Monte Cassino had been blown to smithereens. Deaf from birth, twinkling eyes, eccentric in every way in his dishevelled habit, his passion was making sense of the past. This act revealed how raw the bitter wartime struggle remained, 40 years afterwards. Don Faustino, the archivist at Monte Cassino, was never slow to answer this rhetorical question. There are archaeological remains galore but, unlike the Normandy battlefield of June-July 1944, it is not organised and really should be. Mention the war, and they all but spat with a lingering distaste. ‘WWII Daily Reports (missing, dead, wounded & POWs)’, from the National Archives reference WO417, ‘War Office: Army Casualty Lists, 1939-45 War’, is a list of every casualty sustained by the British Army, day by day during the Second World War. May 17, 2019. The US 5th Army’s quartermaster had assembled 600,000 shells for the operation. Few monuments exceed this cemetery in paying tribute to the heroism and tragic inhumanity of war. That timescale was later reduced to 30 years, and more recently to 20. However the Allied commanders then prevaricated and dug in, and the Germans rapidly brought up troops to attack; what happened next was a grotesque battle in the marshland around the beach-head until May. Between 17 January and 18 May, Monte Cassino and the Gustav defences were assaulted four times by Allied troops, the last involving twenty divisions attacking along a twenty-mile front. On the Western front, the US 5th Army commanded by Lieutenant-General Mark Clarke moved northward from Naples while the British 8th Army, advanced up the Adriatic Coast. Register with your email address now, we can then send you an alert as soon as we add a record close matching the one you were searching for. “Were there Germans in the monastery and guns, tanks?” my friend eagerly enquired.“Ah,” the old monk responded without missing a beat, “you should read our report made that morning to His Holiness [the pope]. Cover image Avvenire. WW2 Italian Prisoner of War Camp Records Released, Soldiers of the Great War 1914-18 'Getting started researching your military ancestor', Forces War Records On Who Do You Think You Are Live, 2 million exclusive records, found only on our site, Records transcribed in the UK for maximum accuracy, 1 on 1 Personal assistance from military photo and document experts, Access to Orbats mapping tool, allowing you to trace your WW1 ancestors steps. And so, Don Martino explained, the abbot and he and a handful of monks as well as hundreds of refugees had sought safety in the deep mediaeval bowels of the largely baroque monastery. For the 75th anniversary we want to remember what happened and pay our respect for those who suffered and lost their lives to shape a better future for Italy and the World. 75,000 soldiers were killed during the 123-day battle. The sea landings were unopposed and reconnaissance troops managed to drive into Rome. 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