who was to blame for the fall of singapore

Singapore has fallen….This, therefore, is one of those moments when the British race and nation can show their quality and their genius.

The actual Japanese beachhead in Malaya was almost defeated buy Indian army defenders!

These air field needed to be defended.

[58], The Japanese advanced rapidly, and on 27 January 1942 Percival ordered a general retreat across the Johore Strait to the island of Singapore and organised a defence along the length of the island's 70-mile (110 km) coast line. Our whole position in the Far East is at stake.

Britain had already suffered this and barely escaped at Dunkirk. In 1936 the leader of the Labor Opposition, John Curtin, presciently stated that Japan was only likely to attack Singapore when Britain was preoccupied with a war in Europe. On February 8th, 23,000 Japanese soldiers attacked Singapore.

But you can’t fault the rest of the Aussies.

The prime minister was to receive many more shocks over the next two months, culminating with the fall of Singapore on February 15, 1942.

By November Percival had been promoted to captain. Those planes that Churchill insisted got sent to the USSR proved of little value. [45], Percival had mixed feelings about his appointment, noting that "In going to Malaya I realised that there was the double danger either of being left in an inactive command for some years if war did not break out in the East or, if it did, of finding myself involved in a pretty sticky business with the inadequate forces which are usually to be found in the distant parts of our Empire in the early stages of a war. The appointment of an RAF man to head the defense of Britain’s biggest naval base outside the UK speaks for itself. Seen by the Japanese’ victory in Malaya and SG, it was the bicycle which was the greatest invention of the 20th Century. [4], Percival was initially schooled locally in Bengeo.

Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Ormonde Winter, the head of British Intelligence in Dublin Castle, later named Hales as an informer who had invented the story as an excuse for providing the names of his fellow IRA members in return for a lesser sentence. After a week of fighting on the island, Percival held his final command conference at 9 am on 15 February in the Battle Box of Fort Canning. The Japanese army "took" Singapore on February 15th 1942. It never occurred to me for a moment…that the gorge of the fortress of Singapore, with its splendid moat half a mile to a mile wide, was not entirely fortified against an attack from the northward.”5, Churchill asked Ismay that a plan be made at once while the battle in Johore was going forward. However, after the conclusion of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, which had seen Japan enter the First World War on the side of the Allies, Australian conservative governments in the 1920s and 1930s continued to look to Britain to protect the country against a potential Japanese invasion. Click here to see Hans Johnson’s article and images, the Fall of Singapore museums. The defence of the island was poorly planned and executed.

And as for the A&S the only reason why they were considered to perform better was because they were on detached service training for jungle warfare and therefore missed the initial debacle in the north of Malaya. Because Churchill could never fathom how the Japanese may actually be the strong threat they subsequently proved.

On 31 January Allied forces withdrew across the causeway linking Malaya and Singapore. Churchill made the correct decision in 1940 that air power would be the deciding factor in the defense of Malaya and Singapore. Even Stalin himself remarked how the Hawker Hurricane was no better than their own LaGG flying coffins.

The fall of Singapore in 1942 clearly illustrated the way Japan was to fight in the Far East – a combination of speed and savagery that only ended with the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_25',129,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_26',129,'0','1'])); Singapore, an island at the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, was considered a vital part of the British Empire and supposedly impregnable as a fortress. Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival, CB, DSO & Bar, OBE, MC, OStJ, DL (26 December 1887 – 31 January 1966) was a senior British Army officer.

Resources, especially tanks and first-line Spitfires & Hurricanes, could have been spared for Malaya. Between the World Wars, he and the British public, through the press, were convinced that the colony, an island off the tip of the Malay peninsula in Southeast Asia, was an invincible fortress. 1. Hittle wrote that of all the British officers in Ireland "Percival stood out for his violent, sadistic behaviour towards IRA prisoners, suspects and innocent civilians......He also participated in reprisals, burning farms and businesses in response to IRA attacks.

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